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"Lo! the righteous verily are in delight, On couches, gazing, Thou wilt know in their faces the radiance of delight." — Holy Qur'an 83:22-24

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Dhikr Tasbi No. 5: Alāhumâ salli alē Muhammadin wāle Muhammad

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

Ya Ali Madad. Let us first declare our noble intentions which are listed below. You may add your own list after this. Then we will say the prayer for the day and angelic salwat.

Ya NOOR Mowlana Hazar Imam, we pray for:

  1. The well being of the whole NOORANI Family
  2. Mushkil Asaan for the global Jamat
  3. Material, spiritual & intellectual upliftment of the global Jamat
  4. Salvation of all departed souls
  5. Peace for the whole humanity
  6. (Add your personal list here, if you wish)

Knowledge Section:

The following verse of the Holy Qur'an1 commands Muslims to recite prayers in which they seek blessings for the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and salute him with a worthy salutation.

Holy Quran 33:56 (Surah Ahzaab)

Transliteration English Translation
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
'Innallaha wa Malaaa-'ikatahuu yusallunna 'alan-Nabiyy: Yaaa - 'ayyuhallaziina 'aamanuu salluu 'alayhi wa salimuu taslimma (33:56) Lo! Allah and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet. O ye who believe! Ask blessings on him and salute him with a worthy salutation. (33:56)

The Holy Prophet elaborated on how to invoke blessings upon him and his family in the the following hadith2:

We asked God's messenger this question, "How is the blessing to be invoked on you who belong to the prophetic family? God has taught us [only] how to salute you." He told us to say, "O God, bless Muhammad and Muhammad's family as Thou didst bless Abraham and Abraham's family. Thou art indeed praiseworthy and glorious. O God, grant favours to Muhammad and Muhammad's family as Thou didst grant favours to Abraham and Abraham's family. Thou art indeed praiseworthy and glorious."

The Holy Prophet has also explained how to invoke blessings upon him and his family in the following hadith3:

Abu Huraira reported God's messenger as saying: "If anyone would like to have the fullest measure granted him when he invokes blessings on us, the members of the prophetical family, he should say, "O God, bless Muhammad the ummi prophet, his wives who are the mothers of the faithful, his offspring, and the people of his house as Thou didst bless the family of Abraham. Thou art indeed praiseworthy and glorious."

The verse (ayat) of the Holy Qur'an [Lo! Allah and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet. O ye who believe! Ask blessings on him and salute him with a worthy salutation. (33:56)] indicates that the major entities which are involved in the execution of this prayer are: Allah, Angels, the Holy Prophet, the Holy Imams and believers. This mechanism of salwat is presented in the following diagram:

 

According to the ahadith of the Holy Prophet presented above, whenever the name of the Holy Prophet is recited, his family, his offspring and their successors are automatically invoked. According to the Ismaili Muslim constitution, the successors of the Holy Prophet are the Imams who are his direct descendants through Hazrat Mawlana Ali Amiru-l-Mu'minin ('Alayhi-s-salam) and his daughter Hazrat Bibi Fatimat-az-Zahra, Khatun-i-Jannat ('Alayhi-s-salam).

The question then arises: Are the blessings for the Prophet and the Imams or are they for the believers? The answer is given in the following verse of the Holy Quran:

Holy Quran 33:43 (Surah Ahzaab)

Transliteration English Translation
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
Huwallazii yusallii 'alay-kum wa malaaaa-'ikatuhuu liyukhrijakum-minaz - Zulumaati 'ilan-Nuur: wa kaana bil-Mu'-miniina Rahiimaa. (33:43) He it is who confers upon you His Blessings, and likewise do the Angels, that He may bring you forth from darkness (of infidelity) into the Light (of faith): and He is to believers All Merciful (33:43)5

The Prophets and the Imams are considered to be the mountains of religion, that is, they are the holders of the Light of Allah on this earth. Therefore the blessings are not for them rather the blessings are for the believers. These blessings are given to the believers through the guidance of the Prophet and the Imams because knowledge and guidance are continually needed so that the believers may progress along the path of religion and return to their origin as mentioned in the following verse of the Holy Quran:

Holy Quran 3:83 (Surah 'Aali-'Imraan)

Transliteration English Translation
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
'Afa-gayra Diinillaahi yabguuna wa lahuuu 'aslama manfis-samaawaati wal-'arzi taw'anw-wa karhanw-wa 'ilayhi yurja-'uun? (3:83) Seek they other than the religion of Allah, when unto Him submitteth whosoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly, or unwillingly, and unto Him they will be returned" (3:83)6

The phrase 'wa aale Muhammad' is an integral part of salwat. This is necessary because the present and living Imam has the knowledge and the authority of everything according to following ayat of the Holy Qur'an:

Holy Quran 36:12 (Surah Yaa-Shiiin)

Transliteration English Translation
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
'Innaa Nahnu nuhyil-maw-taa wa naktubu maa qadda-muu wa 'aasaarahum: wa kulla shay-'in ah-saynaahu fiii 'Imaamim-mubin. (36:12) Lo! We it is Who bring the dead to life. We record that which they send before (them) and their footprints. And all things We have kept in a clear register" (36:12)7

Therefore it was necessary for the Prophet to include this phrase in the Salwat as described in the ahadith presented above.

The following extracts from three Khutba of Hazrat Ali (a.s.) clearly describe the position of aale-e-Muhammad (Descendants of Muhammad, may the peace of Allah be upon them):

"The Almighty God has placed His trust in Aale-e-Muhammad (Descendants of Muhammad, may the peace of God be upon them). They are strongholds where His Commandments receive protection and from which they are expounded and interpreted. They are fountain heads of knowledge created by Him, shelters for His teachings, refuges for Heavenly Books, mountain like citadels to defend His religion. Islam in its beginning was weak and helpless, they came to its help and defence. Islam was nervous of the infidels around it, they made it strong and powerful."8
"I swear by the Lord that I know fully well all the messages of God that the Holy Prophet (may the peace of God be upon him and his descendants) has received, the ways of fulfilment of promises made by God and of all the knowledge that science or philosophy could disclose. We, the progeny of the Holy Prophet (may the peace of God be upon him and his descendants), are the doors through which real wisdom and true knowledge will reach mankind: we are lights of religion."9
"Remember that descendants of the Holy Prophet (S.A.S.) are stars in the Heaven, if one sets the other will rise to illumine your path; the Merciful Lord has thus completed His Blessings amongst you."10

The benefits of salwat are many as described in the following ahadith:

Anas reported God's messenger as saying: "If anyone invokes a blessing on me once, God will grant him ten blessings, ten sins will be remitted from him, and he will be raised ten degrees."11
'Abd ar-Rahman b. 'Auf said: God's messenger went out and entering among some palm trees prostrated himself so long that I was afraid God had taken his soul. I went and looked, and he raised his head and said, "What is the matter with you?" I mentioned that to him, and he told me that Gabriel had come and given him the good news that God said, "If anyone invokes one blessing on you I will bless him, and if anyone greets you I will greet him." Ahmad transmitted it.12

Now let us recite the salwat with humility, courage and conviction:

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

Allâhumâ salli alâ Muhammadin wa âle Muhammad:
O Allah! Bestow Peace on and through Muhammad and his Descendants

Recited by Noorallah Juma

Al-hamdu lillahi rabbil 'alamin.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds!

Follow these links to read an poem on salwat, and hear the recitation of Ayatul Kursi and Salwat or continuous salwat.

The recitations of selected aya(t) of Holy Qur'an in Tarteel tune are by Shiekh Abdul Bassit Abdul Sumed and have been reproduced on this site with permission from MECAH Enterprises.

End Notes

  1. Pickthall, M. M. The Meaning of the Glorious Koran, 306.
  2. Robson, J., Book IV. Prayer. Chapter XVII. In: Mishkat al Masabih Vol. I (English translation with explanatory notes), 188.
  3. Robson, J., Book IV. Prayer. Chapter XVII. In: Mishkat al Masabih Vol. I (English translation with explanatory notes), 190.
  4. The Constitution of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims, 4-5.
  5. Pickthall, M. M. The Meaning of the Glorious Koran, 304.
  6. Pickthall, M. M. The Meaning of the Glorious Koran, 46.
  7. Pickthall, M. M. The Meaning of the Glorious Koran, 315.
  8. Jafery, Syed Mohammed Askari. Nahjul Balagha: Sermons, letters and saying of Hazrat Ali, Khutba 5, 7-8.
  9. Jafery, Syed Mohammed Askari. Nahjul Balagha: Sermons, letters and saying of Hazrat Ali, Khutba 123, 91.
  10. Jafery, Syed Mohammed Askari. Nahjul Balagha: Sermons, letters and saying of Hazrat Ali, Khutba 103, 72-73.
  11. Robson, J., Book IV. Prayer. Chapter XVII. In: Mishkat al Masabih Vol. I (English translation with explanatory notes), 188.
  12. Robson, J., Book IV. Prayer. Chapter XVII. In: Mishkat al Masabih Vol. I (English translation with explanatory notes), 191.

References

  1. Aga Khan IV. The Constitution of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims. Islamic Publications Limited, London, 1987.
  2. Jafery, Syed Mohammed Askari. Nahjul Balagha: Sermons, letters and saying of Hazrat Ali, Tahrike Tarsile Quran, New York, 1981.
  3. Pickthall, M. M. The Meaning of the Glorious Koran. The New American Library, 12th. Edition.
  4. Robson, J. Mishkat al Masabih Vol. I (English translation with explanatory notes), Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, Lahore, r1990.

 

May your noble intentions be fulfilled through the barakat and light of these prayers. Ameen.

Haizinda — Qayampaya
(Our Present Imam is Living and His NOOR is Eternal)

Peace, light, barakat, tayid (spiritual help), zaheri-noorani and batini-noorani didars,
Noorallah Juma

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